In this module and the next we will explore two concepts
which differentiate mankind from the rest of the animals and from other
living beings. These concepts are Time-Binding and Abstraction.
Time-binding will be the focus of this module.
Korzybski classified three levels of “binding” in life-forms.
The simplest level is called “energy-binding,” that is, the storing of
energy for later use. All life-forms do this, but plants do only
this. The second is called “space-binding,” that is, moving from
one place to another in order to accomplish various survival tasks.
Plants don’t do this but most animals do. The third level is called
“time-binding,” that is, the transmission of information and knowledge and
abstractions from one time to the other. It is through time-binding
that we can know about and learn from the past, and through time-binding
that we can pass on knowledge to the future. The ability to time-bind
also means that we have the capability to improve our condition, to change
our “nature” over time. This also means that we have the responsibility
to do so, and to do so for the better, otherwise we will likely prove to
be clever animals who were unable to use their unique brains to avert their